Chemistry of Pollutants
ECTS credits: 5
Introduction into the major artificial pollutants in atmosphere, water and soil, their major sources, and their chemical behaviour with the purpose of reduction of emissions and the recovery of polluted environment.
Essential inorganic and organic chemistry, pollutant chemistry, biospheric evolution, adverse effects of energy production and exploitation; as well as of the combustion of fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal, schist oil), mining of metal and non-metal raw materials, metallurgy, industrial production, agricultural industry, urbanization (soaps, detergents, pesticides, PDB, chlorine organic compounds, smog, polymers, plastic material, etc.). Chemistry of water systems (sources and transport of pollutants and protection methods), soil pollution, effects of artificial radioactivity as a source of pollution (nuclear plants, accidents, disposals of high, medium and low activity nuclear waste), nuclear tests (in atmosphere, under water and ground). Analytical procedures in monitoring and detection of pollution; sample taking and storing, instrumental analytical methods; AAS, ICP-MS, ICP-ES, chromatography (gas and liquids), polarography, electronic microscopy, XRD, XRF. pH and Eh measurements.
Students will be able to describe pollution processes, consequences of pollution, prevention, detection of pollution methods, recovery of polluted environment.
After passing the exam, the student will be able to: 1. Classify pollutants and sources of pollution. 2. Link the impact of pollutants to the environment and human health. 3. Develop a proposal for remediation considering the type of pollutants. 4. Assess the severity of the situation during accidents, with regard to the type of pollutants. The aforementioned learning outcomes contribute to the learning outcomes of the study programme: - Explain the fundamental issues related to the environmental protection and waste management, as well as prevention and protection in the production, storage and transportation of hazardous substances - Create civil protection documents