ECTS credits: 5
Introduce students to the types, forms and sources of threats, the concept and specific characteristics of anthropogenic disasters, as well as the reasons and conditions which facilitate their occurrence, and the operating basics in crisis headquarters.
Most common causes for the occurrence of incidents, disasters and accidents through human activities. Types, forms, sources and consequences of accidents, incidents and disasters; war and terrorism, chemical accidents, nuclear accidents, biological accidents, marine and inland waters pollution, fires and explosions, accidents in buildings; traffic accidents (aviation, road, railway, marine...), common characteristics of phenomena and consequences caused by anthropogenic disasters, the impact of natural threats on anthropogenic threats, risk assessments and rescue and protection plans, preventive procedures, warning systems, informing and alerting of the population, computer models for calculating potential effects; as well as consequence mitigation procedures. Personal, group and collective protection, protective agents, equipment and materials. Measures and procedures for the remediation of an area and decontamination after accidental disasters. Current legislation regarding protection and rescue in case of accident disasters.
Students will understand and recognize crises caused by anthropogenic threats and that will be able to use and develop risk assessments and protection and rescue plans.
After having passed the exam, the student will be able to: 1. Conceptually categorize types and forms of anthropogenic threats and disasters. 2. Explain the sources of threats and the differences between anthropogenic threats depending on the source and the magnitude of the disaster. 3. Interpret specific and common characteristics of phenomena and consequences of anthropogenic disasters. 4. Anticipate conditions, critical points, elements and moments that are conducive to the occurrence of anthropogenic disasters. 5. Based on the given suppositions devise potential situations and predict consequences, devise a potential scenario, plan measures and procedures of the protection and rescue system, predict forces and resources for the remediation of the affected area, analyze the current state of material and technical and human capacities and propose steps to improve the system in accordance with modern concepts and professional standards. The aforementioned learning outcomes contribute to the learning outcomes of the study programme: - Explain the national security system and the basic principles of civil protection - Define the fundamental purpose of crisis management, as well as appropriate crisis management methods and procedures -. Plan studies and action plans for crisis situation exercises, and designing crisis management exercises - Use information systems and technology for planning, monitoring and communication in resolving crisis situations