ECTS credits: 4
Acquiring the knowledge of physics necessary for the understanding of fundamental physical processes with the application to the future courses of the study programme.
Historical introduction. SI system of units. Scientific notation. Kinematics and dynamics of translational motion. Newton’s laws. Work, power, the law of conservation of mechanical energy. Periodic motion: circular motion, vibration, forced vibration, resonance. Waves, wave reflection and refraction; wave superposition, standing waves. Sound waves. Electromagnetic waves: visible light, ionizing radiation. Basics of geometrical and physical optics. Density of matter, pressure. Fluid statics and dynamics. Electrical energy, electrical properties of materials, Joule heating. Thermal properties of materials. Kinetic theory and heat transfer. Gas laws and thermodynamic processes. Laws of thermodynamics.
Students will gain a clear insight into basic physical concepts that in their complexity correspond to the higher education level, deepen their understanding of the concepts and principles of physics through a wide selection of real examples adjusted to the study programme and develop skills of organizing knowledge and efficient work oriented towards problem solving. Students will be qualified for independent physical analysis of practical problems from the field of their profession and mathematically supported interpretation of solutions, as well as further independent upgrading of knowledge by reading relevant literature and periodicals during the process of lifelong learning.
Having passed the exam, students will be able to: 1. Know and explain basic laws of physics (kinematics, dynamics, work and energy, fluid dynamics, vibration and waves, thermal and electrical properties of materials, laws of thermodynamics). 2. Recognize physical problems in problem tasks and everyday professional and life situations. 3. Differentiate important from unimportant data and sketch out an appropriate simplified physical problem and describe it by applying basic physical concepts and laws. 4. Mathematically model a problem and calculate required magnitudes. Properly use units of measurement and orders of magnitude. 5. Critically evaluate the impact of simplification and mathematical approximation on the obtained results. These learning outcomes contribute to the following outcomes of the study programme Chrisis Management: - Present their own attitudes, solutions, projects and ideas on crisis management issues The aforementioned learning outcomes contribute to the learning outcomes of the study program Computer System Maintenance: - Apply the theoretical fundamentals of mathematics, physics, and electrical engineering in engineering. These learning outcomes contribute to the following outcomes of the study programme Motor Vehicles Maintenance: - Explain the physical parameters of motor vehicle construction. - Analyse the properties and performances of motor vehicles. - Explain the working principle for the assemblies and devices in motor vehicles. These learning outcomes contribute to the following outcomes of the study programme of aircraft maintenance: : - Complete operating manuals based on the analysis of aviation regulations relating to aircraft maintenance, airworthiness and operating requirements. - Distinguish single parts of an aircraft in relation to the physical laws of flying and functioning of aircraft systems. - Make a diagram of change of the centre of gravity in compliance with the aircraft design performances, and with the operational limitations for aircraft flying and maintenance, as a result of the aircraft weighing. - Solve problems in the field of mechanics, thermodynamics, electrical engineering, aerodynamics and fluid mechanics, relating to aircraft operations.